Parshat Va’era contains numerous requests for prayer and healing, surprisingly, from Pharaoh. During the plagues, Pharaoh asks Moshe to pray to God for him. The word which Pharoah repeatedly uses is ויעתר, “to entreat.” An exploration of the various uses of this word in Tanach provides a powerful message about prayer for healing and for current events in Israel.
The first occurrence of ויעתר, entreaty or petitioning of God, is when Yitzchak prays for a child. The Sages debate the deeper meaning of the word ויעתר. One interpretation: Yitzchak’s prayers become more frequent and urgent. Entreaty here means prayer in abundance. Pharaoh, however, does not pray himself, he entreats Moshe to pray. The midrash explains that Pharaoh was too full of pride and arrogance to have his prayers heard. Only Moshe’s pleadings on his behalf could be effective. From this we learn that haughtiness and intractability can block tefillot from being heard. In order to be able to petition God for mercy toward us, we need to be open to modifying our own frame of mind and foster compassion within ourselves.
These examples are about prayer for individual healing. In Yirmiyahu, the root “עתר” is applied to the healing of the nation of Israel. Even amidst the destruction God promises, “I will heal them and reveal to them abundance (עתרת) of peace and truth.” The midrash learns from this that communal prayer – עתרת – is only heard when there is shalom amongst the people.
The past few weeks in Israel have been filled with genuine uncertainty and protests, alongside extreme and detrimental language, over proposed plans for judicial reforms. The biblical term for entreaty – עתר – provides a model for modern Israel: Effective change and national healing comes about by promoting peaceful debate with a dose of humility. Shabbat Shalom – Karen Miller Jackson
*Israelis protest against Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s government, in Tel Aviv, on January 14, 2023. (Jack Guez/AFP) From Times of Israel https://www.timesofisrael.com/some-80000-rally-in-tel-aviv-against-governments-sweeping-judicial-overhaul/